depends upon analysis of the DNA located on the Y chromosome of male
participants. Every human being has 23 pairs of chromosomes, half of
each pair coming from each parent. The 23rd chromosome pair
determines the sex of an individual. Females have two X chromosomes and
males have one X and one Y. If the fathers X sperm fertilizes the mother
X egg, the XY results is a son. Because a males Y chromosome comes
only from the father, it is an (almost always) exact copy of his
fathers , his fathers fathers fathers fathers etc. However,
over the course of many generations, some very slight changes, or
mutations, do occur and are passed down.
DNA testing labs select a number of specific sites ( markers) on various
regions of the Y chromosome and report the number of mutations thereon
as a series of numbers. The mutation rate is about one per 500
We have chosen
Family Tree DNA for our Y chromosome project. For more information
on DNA testing, including FAQs and other technical issues, look at
Family Tree DNA web site.
The following conclusions of the DNA
studies by Dan Creel (moderator of the Creel DNA project ).
the first six YDNA results in, there have been three distinct
Creel lines identified.
A Virginia line represented in Kit # 4HQ5G.
Genealogical evidence proves this line back to William Creel of
A North Carolina line represented in Kit # WPECQ.
This line has been proven back
to James Creel, first noted North Carolina, c 1766- May
1829; son of Sarah Mozingo and an unknown Creel father who
probably lived in Dobbs County, NC. James moved to Marion
County, South Carolina and many descendants still live in South
A Barnwell line represented by the other 8 test
results. The one way discrepancy noted in Kit # 3N2WZ is
considered to be due to a later mutation whereas genealogical
proof has established that line back to the Barnwell Creels.
Included within the Barnwell Creels are the lines of
Thomas Creel (m Elizabeth Dearman), c 1772-Oct 1859, Jones
County, MS. Descendants live mainly in Mississippi and
William Creel (m Nancy Valentine), c 1774-July 1837, Barnwell
County, SC. Descendants live mainly in southern Alabama and
Solomon Creel (m Mary ?) c 1795-bef 1860, AL. Evidence suggests
Solomon was a nephew of Thomas and William Creel who were
brothers, two sons of Thomas Creel and Charity Duke , who ended
their days in Barnwell County, SC. Descendants of Solomon live
mainly in Florida.
test kit will soon be initiated that may help to clarify the
one away mutation of the Solomon Creel.
remain several lines of Creel males that need to be clarified by
YDNA tests, including:
Old Virginia- many Creels still live there that
have lineage back to the late 1600s. Tests would clarify links
to other lines.
West Virginia- the David-George line from Prince
William County, VA, late 1700s.
Kentucky-the Charles Creels-Sarah Stapp line from
Orange County, VA, late 1700s. This line includes the Old
Mexico branch of Reuben Waggoner Creel who has many living
descendants in Mexico.
St. Louis-Creel lines from Ireland, France, Germany
and Slovokia have been noted on US censuses with some tied to
Other- all other male Creels not identified with a
definite lineage; tests would greatly help in their genealogy.
Creel Y-DNA Comparison
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~ncscotts/ ( Useful
Branches of L47
Thanks to Mr. Moore